In a statement on Wednesday, Pakistan`s foreign ministry welcomed the agreement and said it was “another important step forward.” A peaceful solution to the ongoing war in Afghanistan may be within reach. In February 2020, the United States reached an agreement with the Taliban and also signed a declaration with the Afghan government to promote the launch of an internal peace process in Afghanistan. Many challenges still stand in the way of the success of these negotiations and, therefore, at the end of the longest war in the United States. The Center for Preventive Action (CPA) has gathered these resources on the prospects for peace in Afghanistan, including the context of recently signed agreements, key challenges and concerns related to the implementation of the agreements, and the role of powerful regional actors and their influence. Despite initial differences over prisoner exchanges and the Taliban`s relentless attacks on Afghan government forces, the Taliban and the Afghan government have begun to discuss a timetable and timetable for internal talks. In March 2020, the Afghan government appointed a 21-member negotiating team of “political leaders, former civil servants and civil society representatives,” including five women. The Afghan government finally agreed to the first release of 1,500 prisoners and negotiated the release of other prisoners in an ongoing trial. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani`s spokesman, Sediq Sediqqi, said on Twitter, quoting the Afghan head of state: “The agreement is a step forward towards opening negotiations on the most important issues, including a comprehensive ceasefire as a central demand of the Afghan people.” In their first public reaction to Democrat Joe Biden`s victory in the US presidential election, the Taliban said in a statement that the Doha agreement was “an excellent document to end the war and for a better future for both countries.” Last month, a last-minute agreement between the Taliban and government negotiators was foiled after the Taliban shook the document`s preamble because it specifically mentioned the Afghan government. The agreement sets out four objectives, the last two of which depend on the status of the first two: intra-Afghan negotiations, which result in tangible peace and a credible power-sharing agreement in Afghanistan, face real challenges. Problems include concerns about the exchange of prisoners; The composition of a future Afghan state and future Afghan government and the reintegration of the Taliban into the Afghan security forces; and the internal cohesion of the Taliban and the Afghan government and whether the Taliban are actually committed to an internal peace process or whether they are using their participation as a negotiating force to promote their own goals.
On the same day that U.S. and Taliban negotiators signed the agreement between the United States and the Taliban in Doha, Defense Minister Esper, Secretary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Jens Stoltenberg, and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani signed a joint declaration [PDF] in Kabul, Afghanistan.